Attribute - Definition with Examples

The Complete Prek-5 Learning Program Built for Your Child
Home > Math Vocabulary > Attribute

What is Attribute?

The term “attribute” in the context of math means the traits or the properties of a shape or an object. For example, observe the following picture of books.

Finding attributes

In the above image, the traits of the books can be listed as:

  • Shape – Rectangle

  • Color – Red and Blue

  • Page count

  • Length & Breadth in a given unit

  • Weight


Attributes of a shape

The attributes of a geometric shape define the characteristics of that shape visually and mathematically. For example, consider a “square” as shown below. The attributes of a square are:

Attributes of a shape


Visual Attributes

Mathematical Attributes

  • Shape has 4 sides and 4 vertices

  • All sides are equal

  • Opposite sides are parallel

  • Each side measures 2 inches

  • The angle between any two adjacent sides is 90 degree


Similarly, based on the attributes, we can determine the type of triangle:

Right-angle triangle Equilateral triangle Scalene triangle
  • Type: Right-angle triangle

  • The color of the triangle is Green

  • Two sides can be equal
  • The angle between the two sides is 90 degree

  • Type: Equilateral triangle

  • The color of the triangle is Yellow

  • All 3 sides are equal

  • The angle between the two adjacent sides is 60 degrees

  • Type: Scalene triangle

  • The color of the triangle is Blue

  • All 3 sides are unequal 

  • One of the angles between the two sides is more than 90 degrees


The unique attributes or properties of geometric shapes help us to distinguish and categorize them.



The elementary math skills in children initiate with visual observation before understanding numbers and comprehending them. Understanding the attributes of geometric figures, math expressions (such as symbols and operators) and translating them in the form of numbers is the key step achieved with finding “attributes”.


  Fun Facts

  • Astronomers explored and named the famous star constellations after zodiac signs by finding similar attributes between them

  • Computer programming and code writing are logic development skills which uses the functions & attributes of a programming language


Related math vocabulary

  • Properties of geometric shapes

  • Quadrilaterals

  • Coordinates


Try SplashLearn for Free
Loved by 40M+ Learners
Learners across 150+ Countries
Used in 1 in 3 Schools