## What Is a Gallon?

A gallon is a customary unit of volume and capacity for liquid measure.

It is commonly used in the Imperial systems and US customary standards of measurement.

The abbreviation for gallon is gal.

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## Definitions and Divisions

In the US, there are different divisions of gallons.

**US Gallon**

**US Liquid Gallon**

It is a unit of measurement for liquids.

**1 US liquid gallon** $= 3.785412$ liters

$= 231$ cubic inches

**US Dry Gallon**

It is a unit of measurement for dry materials.

**1 US dry gallon** $= 4.404884$ liters

$= 268.8025$ cubic inches

- Both US liquid and US dry gallons can be further divided.

1 gallon $= 4$ quarts

$= 8$ pints

$= 16$ cups

$= 32$ gills

$= 128$ fluid ounces

**Imperial Gallon**

It is a unit of measurement in the imperial system of units for both liquids and dry materials.

1 Imperial gallon $= 4.546092$ liters

$= 277.4196$ cubic inches

$= 4$ quarts

$= 160$ fluid ounces

## History of Gallon

Once upon a time, in the US, the volume of a gallon used to vary depending on:

- the thing being measured
- the location

In the British Empire, three definitions of gallon were very prevalent and included the following:

**Ale Gallon **

During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the ale gallon was used as a unit of measurement for beers.

1 ale gallon $= 4.62115$ liters.

**Winchester Gallon**

Also known as the corn gallon, a Winchester gallon was used to measure dry goods in England.

1 Winchester gallon ≈ 4.405 liters

**Wine Gallon**

During Queen Anne’s reign in 1706, the wine gallon was used as a unit of measurement for wine. The United States adopted the wine gallon post independence and it is now called US liquid gallon.

1 wine gallon $= 3.78541$ liters.

After gaining independence from the British Empire in 1996, the United States adopted the wine gallon and Winchester gallon. The former is now called US liquid gallon, while the latter is now called US dry gallon.

On the other hand, the British Empire (now known as the United Kingdom) adopted the Imperial gallon in 1834.

## Uses of Gallon

1. In the US, gallon** **is most commonly used to measure fuel or gasoline.

2. Other uses of a gallon** **include measuring and storing milk, paint, beer, oil, etc.

3. In the UK, it is unofficially used for economic or health purposes, such as to measure and store sanitizers.

## Fun Facts about Gallon

- The Imperial gallon is 20 percent broader than the American liquid gallon.
- The value of Imperial gallon in fluid ounces is 4 percent less than that of US liquid gallon in fluid ounces.
- A gallon of milk weighs more than a gallon of water because of the fat content.

## Conclusion

A gallon is a customary unit of volume for measuring liquids and sometimes dry materials.

There are three different types of gallons: US liquid gallon, US dry gallon, and Imperial gallon. These three types are commonly used to measure and store fuel, oil, milk, paint, and many more things.

## Solved Examples

**1. Jen bought two gallons of milk. She wants to know the value of two gallons of milk in pints. 2 gallons **$=$ **? pints. (according to the US standard of measurement). **

**Solution:**

We know that 1 gallon $= 8$ pints.

So, 2 gallons $= 2 \times 8 = 16$ pints.

**2. Determine 5 gallons **$= \underline{}$**quarts.**

**Solution:** We know that 1 gallon $= 4$ quarts.

So, 5 gallons $= 5 \times 4$

$= 20$ quarts.

**3. May wants to pour three gallons of wine into cups. Help her out by telling her how many cups she will need.**

**Solution:**

We know that 1 gallon $= 16$ cups.

So, 3 gallons $= 3 \times 16 = 48$ cups.

Thus, May will need 48 cups to completely pour in three gallons of wine.

**4. How many water bottles is a gallon? (Assuming the volume of 1 bottle is 16.9 fl oz.)**

**Solution:**

We know that 1 gallon $= 128$ fluid ounces or fl oz.

To find the number of bottles in a gallon, we need to divide 128 fl oz by 16.9 fl oz.

$\frac{128}{16.9} = 7.57 = 8$ (approximately)

So, 8 water bottles make up a gallon.

**5. Convert 10 gallons into fLuid ounces..**

**Solution:**

We know that 1 gallon $= 128$ fl oz

So, 10 gallons $= 10 \times 128$

$= 1280$ fluid ounces

## Practice Problems

## Gallon

### Determine 20 gallons $= \underline{}$ cups.

Since 1 gallon $= 16$ cups

So, 20 gallons $= 20 \times 16 = 320$ cups

### Tom needs to buy 56 pints of oil. He needs to place the order for oil in gallons. Help him out by finding how much 56 pints of oil are in gallons.

Since 8 pints $= 1$ gallon

56 pints $=$ ? gallons

To find the number of gallons, you need to divide 56 by 8.

$\frac{56}{8} = 7$.

So, Tom needs to place an order for 7 gallons of oil.

### Pick the correct option.

Since 1 gallon $= 4$ quarts.

So, 9 gallons $= 9 \times 4 = 36$ quarts.

### Find 3 gallons $= \underline{}$ gills.

Since 1 gallon $= 32$ gills.

So, 3 gallons $= 3 \times 32 = 96$ gills

## Frequently Asked Questions

**What is the abbreviation of a pint?**

The abbreviation of a pint is p or pt.

**What is the symbol for quarts?**

The symbol for quarts is qt.

**What is the abbreviation for cups?**

The abbreviation for cups is c.

**How are liters expressed in symbols?**

Liters are expressed in symbols as l or L.

**What is the abbreviation for cubic inches?**

The abbreviation for cubic inches is cu in, cu inch, or CI.