Subtracting Decimals – Definition With Examples

Ben buys groceries for $\$$155.50. He hands the store clerk $\$$500 and, in turn, gets $\$$344.50 back.

Without the knowledge of decimals, knowing the exact amount he needed to pay for the groceries wouldn’t have been possible. 

Decimal numbers are numbers that have a decimal point in them. They have two parts: the first is the whole number (to the left of the decimal point), and the second is the fractional part (to the right of the decimal point). 

For example, Sam buys oranges for $\$$3.50. Here,

  • $\$$3.50 is the decimal number (the price of oranges)
  • 3 is the whole number (to the left of the decimal point)
  • 50 is the fractional part (to the right of the decimal point)
Parts of a decimal number

Decimals add more accuracy to your counting and are often used in day-to-day activities.

Decimals can be added, subtracted, multiplied, or divided depending on the particular scenario. Today, we will discuss subtracting decimals, their rules, and a few examples. 

How to Subtract Decimals

Subtracting decimals is as simple as finding the difference between a greater whole number and a smaller whole number. Take the first example where the price of groceries was $\$$155.50. In this scenario, 155 is the whole number, and .50 is the fractional part. 

Based on the place values, the decimal numbers must be arranged one below the other, not forgetting the decimal point during subtraction. However, if two decimal numbers are different, the subtraction can be a bit tricky.

Hence, to avoid such confusion, the decimal numbers can be changed to like decimal numbers by adding the required number of zeros.

The number of decimal places will be equal in like decimals. For example, 5.23 and 7.89 are like decimals, whereas 4.53 and 2.753 are unlike decimals. 

Subtracting Decimals without Regrouping

Let’s say we need to subtract 14.2 from 25.83. Here’s how to do it.

Step 1: 25.83 and 14.2 are unlike decimals. So first, we need to convert them into like decimals by adding a zero to the extreme right of 14.2 to make it 14.20.

Step 2: Position the smaller number below the greater number in such a way that the decimal points are lined up.   

Line the decimal numbers

Step 3: Subtract each column from right to left as you would subtract a whole number.

Subtract the decimal numbers

Step 4: Place the decimal point in line with other decimal points.

Decimal point should be in line with other decimal points

Subtracting Decimals with Regrouping

Regrouping in decimal subtraction is very similar to regrouping done in whole number subtraction. Let’s understand with the help of an example. 

Let’s take an example of subtracting decimal 2.37 from 5.10. Here’s how to do it.

Step 1: The decimals are like decimals. So, let’s move to step 2.

Step 2: Position the smaller number below the greater number. Ensure that the digits are placed based on their place values, and the decimal points are accurately aligned.

Line the decimal points to Subtract decimals

Step 3: Subtract each column individually, starting from the right and gradually shifting to the left.

  • In case a number in the upper line is smaller than the one in the lower line, 1 should be borrowed from the left digit, adding 10 to the concerned digit. This is called regrouping.
  • Once 1 is borrowed from the left digit, it gets reduced by 1. Hence, the subtraction can be continued with the reduced number. 
Subtract the decimal numbers 5.10 and 2.37

Subtracting Decimals from Whole Numbers

Let’s say we are subtracting decimal 0.569 ( a decimal number) from 3 (a whole number). Here’s how to do it:

Step 1: The first step is to convert the whole number into a decimal number. To do that, we add a decimal point and the required number of zeroes to the right of the whole number.

Remember, the number of the zero added should match the length of the other decimal number given.

Here, we will add three zeros after 3 to match 0.569. So 3 will become 3.000.

Step 2: Position the smaller number below the greater number in such a way that the decimal points are lined up. 

Subtract Decimals by Lining the decimal points

Step 3: Subtract the numbers by following the usual method of subtracting decimal numbers.

Subtract the decimal numbers 0.569 and 3.000

Use of Subtraction of Decimal in Real Life

Subtraction of decimals is used in various day-to-day activities, some of which are as follows:

  • Monetary transactions: A dozen eggs cost $\$$5.50, but we pay $\$$10 to the store clerk. Then, to return the balance amount, the store clerk gives us $\$$4.50 back.
  • Fuel purchase: You pay $\$$13.8 to get 10 litres of gas for your car.
Use of Decimal numbers at fuel purchase
  • Scientific calculations: Scientists use decimal numbers to get accurate readings in their experiments.
  • Medical readings: When using a thermometer to measure the body temperature, it will show you the readings in decimal numbers, like 98.6° F.
  • Construction measurements: Construction projects require measurements of the length, breadth, and height of various things, which are represented through decimal numbers.
Use of Decimal numbers on treadmill
  • Health and fitness: Various fitness equipment used in gyms like dumbbells, weight lifts, etc., have a definite weight limit, like 8 lbs or 10 lbs so that you can proceed with your fitness training as per your capabilities. The treadmill will show you the miles you have walked or run through decimal numbers. Weighing machines also display the weight in decimals. 
Display of Decimal numbers on weighing machine
  • Odometers: You can calculate the distance traveled in your car or bike by the odometer, which uses decimal points to show the precise reading.
Use of Decimal numbers in odometers

Solved Examples 

Example 1: Subtract 0.30 from 0.70.

Solution:

Subtraction of 0.30 from 0.70.

Example 2: Subtract 0.25 from 5.22.

Solution:

Subtraction of 0.25 from 5.22.

Example 3: Subtract 86.9 from 635.78.

Solution: 

Subtraction of 86.90 from 635.78.

Practice Problems

Subtracting Decimals - Definition With Examples

Attend this quiz & Test your knowledge.

1Subtract 8.20 from 9.57 and select the right option.

1.37
3.25
0.96
1.55
CorrectIncorrect
Correct answer is: 1.37
$9.57 − 8.20 = 1.37$
Subtracting Decimals – Definition With Examples

2Subtracting decimal number 1.33 from which number will give you 6.67 as the answer?

1.37
6.05
8
7.15
CorrectIncorrect
Correct answer is: 1.37
To find the answer, you can add the other decimal number with the result.
Hence, the missing decimal number is 8.
Subtracting Decimals – Definition With Examples

3Subtracting decimal number 79.98 from 298.20, gives the answer 216.30. Is the statement true or false? Explain.

True
False
CorrectIncorrect
Correct answer is: False
On subtracting decimal number 79.98 from 298.20, we get 218.22 and not 216.30
Subtracting Decimals – Definition With Examples

4Subtract 11.239 from 36.1.

16.2
24.861
21.6
18.22
CorrectIncorrect
Correct answer is: 24.861
First, we need to change decimal numbers to like-decimal numbers by adding zeros. So, 36.1 will be re-written as 36.100
Then:
Subtracting Decimals – Definition With Examples

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, by subtracting decimal numbers, you can get a whole number as the result. However, the digits after the decimal point must be the same for both the decimal numbers.

For example, if you subtract 1.25 from 4.25, the answer will be 3, which is a whole number.

To check if your answer after subtracting decimal numbers is correct, you can add the result with the smaller decimal number. If the answer is right, you will get the greater decimal number as the result.

For example, if you subtract 2.33 from 9.01, the answer you get is 6.68. Now, if you want to check your answer, add 6.68 to 2.33. The result you get is 9.01, which means the answer is correct.

Yes, the whole number can be rewritten as a decimal number by adding zeros after the decimal point. Then the process is the same as subtracting decimal numbers.

Fun Facts
– The Chinese were the first people to use and develop fractions or decimal numbers.