The term “equivalent” in math refers to two values, numbers or quantities which are the same.
The equivalence of two such quantities is denoted by a bar over an equal sign. It also implies logical equivalence between two values or set of quantities.
Two mathematical expressions are said to be equivalent if they yield the same result upon solving them.
For example, let’s solve the following numerical expressions:
25 × 5 = 125
Also, 102 + 52 = 100 + 25 =125
Thus, the above two expressions are equivalent and can be written as: 25 × 5 = 102 + 52
Similarly, following two math expressions are also equivalent:
2 × (10 – 8) = 42 ÷ 12
Two fractions are equivalent if the value, proportion, or quantity they represent is the same. Equivalent fractions can have different numerators and denominators.
For example, 3 = 36
⇒ 36 = 12 ÷ 3
⇒ 3 or 1
The figure here proportionally represents 1 portion of a given whole.
The numerical equivalence for the picture below is: 3
The numerator denotes the colored balls and denominator denotes the total number of balls
The use of the equivalent symbol (as three bars) is frequently used in Unicode programming for computers, as well as in Boolean algebra. Venn diagrams use the concept of logical equivalence to establish the relationship between two algebraic expressions and functions. The concept of equivalence is also used in explaining the structural similarity between the chemical compounds.