What is Subtrahend?
A subtraction sentence consists of 3 numbers:
Subtrahend is the second number in a subtraction sentence. It is subtracted from the minuend to get the difference.
In the vertical method of subtraction or column method, the subtrahend is the number above the difference.
In the column method of subtraction, the subtrahend is usually smaller than the minuend. However, if the minuend is lower than the subtrahend, we perform regrouping or borrowing. It makes the value of minuend higher than the subtrahend and makes it possible to subtract the subtrahend from the minuend.
In the above subtraction, we cannot subtract 5 from 3. So, we borrow 1 ten from the tens place. It changes the minuend from 3 to 13. Now, we can easily subtract 5 from 13 to get 8.