What is Curve?
A curve is a continuous and smooth flowing line without any sharp turns. One way to recognize a curve is that it bends and changes its direction at least once.
Types of curves
1. Upward curve: A curve that turns in the upward direction is called an upward curve. It is also known as a concave upward. Concave Upward also called or “Convex Downward”
2. Downward curve: A curve that turns in the downward direction is called a downward curve. It is also known as a concave downward. Concave Downward also called or “Convex Upward”.
3. Open curve: An open curve does not enclose any area within itself and it has two endpoints. Some of the open curves are given in the figure below.
4. Closed curve: A closed curve, has no end points and encloses an area (or a region). It is formed by joining the end points of an open curve together.
Circles , ellipses are formed from closed curves.
5. Simple Curve: A simple curve changes direction but does not cross itself while changing direction. A simple curve can be open and closed both.
6. Non-simple curves: A curve that crosses its own path is called a non-simple curve.
Curves around us
- Race track: A race The track from the figure looks like a closed curve.
- Roads: Roads on hills and mountains are curvy.