Multiplication and division are inverse operations. Multiplication is repeated addition, while division is repeated subtraction or sharing equally. The product of a multiplication equation can be divided to find the original numbers.
Understanding the relationship between multiplication and division helps students solve problems more efficiently. It allows them to use known facts to find unknowns, simplify calculations, and check their answers.
Students can use fact families, number bonds, arrays, or models to relate multiplication and division. They can also think of real-world situations that involve equal sharing or grouping to understand how these operations are connected.