# Coordinate Plane – Definition with Examples

## What is a Coordinate Plane?

A coordinate plane is a two-dimensional plane formed by the intersection of two number lines. One of these number lines is a horizontal number line called the x-axis and the other number line is a vertical number line called the y-axis. These two number lines intersect each other perpendicularly and form the coordinate plane that looks like this:

The plane is called two-dimensional because anywhere on this plane where you can put your finger, the location of that point will need two things– its distance on the x-axis and its distance on the y-axis.

The left and the bottom part of the plane have negative x-axis and negative y-axis for negative integers. The point where the number lines intersect is called the origin.

A coordinate plane is a tool used for graphing points, lines, and other objects. It functions like a map that follows directions from one point to another.

## Elements of the Coordinate Plane

Quadrants: The two number lines divide the coordinate plane into 4 regions. These regions are called Quadrants. The quadrants are denoted by roman numerals and each of these quadrants have their own properties.

Quadrant II: The upper left Quadrant is the second Quadrant denoted as Quadrant II. In this quadrant, the x-axis has its negative numbers and the y-axis has positive numbers.

Quadrant IV: The bottom right Quadrant is the fourth Quadrant denoted as Quadrant IV. In this quadrant, the x-axis has positive numbers and the y-axis has negative numbers.

Coordinate: Every point on the coordinate plane is expressed in the form of the ordered pair (x,y) where x and y are numbers that denote the position of the point with respect to the x-axis and the y-axis respectively.

For example: Consider the point A in the given image:

If we want to convey the position of point A, we will check where it lies with respect to the x- and y-axis respectively.

Here the position of A on x-ais is 1 unit and on y-axis is 2 units, therefore we will write the position of A as A(1,2) on the coordinate plane.

In a similar way, we can find the position of any point on the coordinate plane and it may take values positive or negative depending on the quadrant it lies in. The origin, obviously; is denoted as (0,0)

Fun Facts

1. The coordinate plane was created hundreds of years ago. The system is commonly referred to as the Cartesian coordinate system because French mathematician René Descartes invented it.
2. The points on the x-axis have their y-coordinate 0 so the points on x-axis are represented as (x,0) and similarly the points on y-axis have their x-coordinate 0, so they are represented as (0,y).

Conclusion
A coordinate plane is a graphing and description system for points and lines. A vertical (y) axis and a horizontal (x) axis make up the coordinate plane. There are four quadrants in the coordinate plane. The point where these lines connect is called the origin (0, 0). Head over to SplashLearn to know more about the concepts of a coordinate plane.

## Solved Examples

Q 1. In which quadrants of the coordinate plane do the following points lie?

●  A (–2, 4)

●  B (2.5, 3.5)

●  C (4, –2.2)

●  D (6.5, 1)

Solution:

Point A lies in the second quadrant.

Points B and D lie in the first quadrant.

Point C lies in the fourth quadrant.

Q 2. Which of the following points lie on the y-axis? Explain your answer.

(i) (0, 3)

(ii) (5, 0)

(iii) (–2, 0)

(iv) (0, –2)

(v) (–1, 3)

Solution: (i) and (iv) lie on the y-axis as the x-coordinate is zero in these points.

Q 3. You are at (−4, 3). Move  5 units right and 2 units up. Write the coordinates of point where you reach.

Solution:

Moving 5 units to right will reach on −4 + 5 = 1 on x-axis.

Moving 2 units up will reach on 3 + 2 = 5 on y-axis.

So coordinates of point where we reached is (1, 5).

Q 4. What is the coordinates of point lying on origin?

Solution:

Since point is on origin the coordinates of the point is (0, 0).