Slide is a transformation in which every point of the given shape or figure moves or slides in the same direction and also by the same distance. This transformation is also known as “translation.” So, what is a slide in math? To understand that, we must first learn about transformations.
Transformations are changes that are made to any shape. Transformation in math is the method of transforming or changing the shape or size of an object using certain rules and methods. Flip (reflection), turn (rotation), and slide (translation) are the transformations or the positional changes we can make to a shape.
Note: After any of these transformations (turn, flip, or slide), the size, area, angles, and line lengths of the shape remain the same.
What Is a Slide in Math?
Let us understand the definition of slide.
Slide or translation is a transformation in which every point of a plane figure simply moves in the same direction by the same distance in that very plane, without any rotation or resizing.
So, to undergo translation, every point of the shape must move
- same distance
- in the same direction
Every point of the given polygon has moved in the same direction and by the same distance. So, we can call it “slide” or “translation.”
Examples of Slide
Let’s take a look at a few examples where a shape undergoes translation or slide transformation.
Example 1: The given shape has just moved to the right.
Example 2: The pencil has simply moved to the right. There’s no rotation or change in size.
Example 3: Sliding of a Square
Slide on a Graph
Slides in geometry can be well-represented on a graph.
We can also represent the translation using an equation without a graph. For example, if the shape gets moved 5 units right, and 4 units up, we can write:
$(x, y) \rightarrow (x + 5, y + 4)$
It means that the x and y coordinates become “$x + 5$” and “$y + 4$” post translation.
Let’s see some examples.
Example 1: The following figure shows a slide or translation of a triangle. The shape has moved 2 units down and 2 units to the right.
$(x, y) \rightarrow (x + 2, y – 2)$
Example 2: Every point on the rectangle has moved 3 units to the right and 2 units down.
$(x, y) \rightarrow (x + 3, y – 2)$
In this article, we learned about slide or translation transformation and discussed many examples using a graph. Let’s solve some examples to check our understanding.
1. Does the given image represent translation? Explain why or why not.
Every point of the shape simply moved in the same direction by the same distance. So, it represents a slide.
2. Which figure represents the slide?
Figure 1 represents a slide since the shape has simply moved to the right. In the case of figure 2, they are the mirror reflections of one another.
3. Identify the slide transformation.
Figure 1 is the slide transformation of a triangle. Figure 2 shows rotation.
4. Does the given image represent a slide? Explain why or why not.
Solution: The given figure represents a slide because every point of the figure is moving in the same direction by the same distance in that very plane.
5. What is a slide? Draw a slide pair diagram.
Solution: A slide is a transformation in which every point of a plane figure moves in the same direction by the same distance in that very plane.
Slide in Maths
Identify the figure representing slide or translation.
In option a, the shape has simply moved, without any change in size or without any rotation.
Which option shows an example of a slide?
Eliminate options where there is rotation or resizing involved, and identify the option where the shape simply moved from one point to another.
The slide transformation is also known as
Slide is also known as “translation.”
The following image does not represent “slide” because
This is not a translation because the shape is rotated.
By translation, a shape moves 2 units to the left and 2 units down. Which option represents this transformation?
The shape moves 2 units to the left and 2 units down.
So, we can write $(x, y) \rightarrow (x - 2, y - 2)$
Frequently Asked Questions
What are turns?
A turn or a rotation describes the motion of turning a shape as if it were drawn on a piece of paper, and you turned the whole piece of paper.
What are flips?
A flip is also known as a reflection. We can see the result of a flip or a reflection in a shape that has line symmetry. Simply put, line symmetry is related to the movement that is a reflection or a flip.
Why is a translation also referred to as a slide?
A translation is also known as slide, shift, or glide since it shifts all points of a shape along the same distance and in the same direction.