BlogMath for Kids5 Easy Tips & Tricks to Learn the 13 Time Table for...

5 Easy Tips & Tricks to Learn the 13 Time Table for Kids

It’s no surprise that the table of 13 often poses a challenge for kids. Unlike the lower-numbered tables, which often have more apparent patterns and are regularly practiced, the table of 13 can seem less intuitive and more complex. The numbers involved are larger, and the lack of a clear, repetitive pattern, as seen in simpler tables like 2s or 5s, adds to the challenge. Finding the right tricks to learn the 13 time table can make a significant difference.

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This blog aims to make learning the table of 13 easier and more approachable for kids. From pattern recognition to practical applications, we will guide you through the most effective strategies to help your child or student master this essential mathematical milestone.

5 Tricks & Tips to Learn the 13 Time Table

1. Pattern Recognition

One of the most effective tricks to learn the 13 time table is through pattern recognition. Initially, the numbers in the table of 13 might appear random and intimidating. However, a closer examination reveals a consistent pattern simplifying the learning process.

The trick lies in understanding how each product in the 13 times table can be broken down. When you multiply 13 by any number, the result is that number times 10 plus that number times 3.

For example:

  • 13 times 2: The calculation is 13 x 2, which equals 26. Using the pattern, we break it down as (2 x 10) + (2 x 3). That’s 20 + 6, which also equals 26.
  • 13 times 4: Similarly, 13 x 4 equals 52. Breaking it down, we get (4 x 10) + (4 x 3). That’s 40 + 12, equaling 52.
  • 13 times 7: 13 x 7 equals 91 for a larger number. Using the pattern, it’s (7 x 10) + (7 x 3). That’s 70 + 21, which equals 91.

By understanding this pattern, two things happen:

  • Simplification of Problems: It breaks down a larger multiplication problem into two smaller, more manageable ones. This approach is less daunting than individually memorizing each product in the 13 times table.
  • Logical Understanding: It helps children see the logic behind the numbers. Instead of relying solely on memorization, they understand the relationship between the numbers, making the table of 13 more about comprehension and less about rote learning.

This pattern recognition method not only aids in memorizing the table of 13 but also enhances a child’s overall numerical understanding, making them more confident in their multiplication skills.

2. The Tens-and-Units Twist for the 13 Times Table

Another one of the most useful tricks to learn the 13 time table is understanding tens and units. Learning the 13 multiplication table can be simplified using a clever trick that builds upon the more familiar 3 times table. Here’s how you can do it:

Learning the 13 times table can be simplified using a clever trick that builds upon the more familiar 3 times table. Here’s how you can do it:

Step 1: Start with the 3 Times Table

First, write down the 3 times table, which most people find easier to remember:

1 x 3 = 3

2 x 3 = 6

3 x 3 = 9

4 x 3 = 12

5 x 3 = 15

… and so on.

Step 2: Transform to the 13 Times Table

Now, use these results to quickly form the 13 times table. The process involves a simple manipulation of digits:

Combine Digits for Initial Numbers: For the initial numbers (1 to 3), simply place the multiplier digit in the tens place and the result of the 3 times table in the units place. For example:

1 and 3 (from 1 x 3 = 3) combine to form 13.

2 and 6 (from 2 x 3 = 6) combine to form 26.

3 and 9 (from 3 x 3 = 9) combine to form 39.

Adjust for Larger Numbers: When the result of the 3 times table is a two-digit number (starting from 4 x 3 = 12), add the tens digit of this result to the original multiplier. Place this sum in the tens place, and the units digit of the 3 times table result in the units place. For example:

For 4 x 3 = 12, add 1 (tens digit of 12) to 4 (multiplier), getting

Place 5 in the tens place and 2 (units digit of 12) in the units place to get 52. Therefore, 4 x 13 = 52.

For 5 x 3 = 15, add 1 (tens digit of 15) to 5 (multiplier), resulting in 6. Place 6 in the tens place and 5 (units digit of 15) in the units place to get 65. Hence, 5 x 13 = 65.

3. Rhymes and Mnemonics

Rhymes and mnemonics are creative tools that can make learning the 13 tables fun and memorable. These techniques transform numbers into catchy phrases or sentences, making it easier for children to recall the multiplication table of 13.

For example, a simple rhyme for the first few multiples could be:

“13 once, a baker’s scene (13 x 1 = 13)”

“26, tricks with sticks (13 x 2 = 26)”

“39, steps in line (13 x 3 = 39)”

These rhymes use playful imagery and sounds to link the numbers together, making them more memorable. Encourage children to come up with their own rhymes or mnemonic phrases. This not only aids in memorization but also engages their creativity and makes the learning process more enjoyable.

4. Relating to Real-Life Situations

A practical trick to learn the multiplication table of 13 is to relate it to real-life situations. This approach helps children understand the relevance and application of their learning, making it more meaningful and easier to remember.

For instance, if a child is helping to set up a party with 13 guests, they can use the table of 13 to calculate the total number of items needed. If each guest needs a plate, a cup, and a napkin, the child can multiply 13 by 3 to determine the total number of items required. This is 13 x 3 = 39 items in total.

Another example could be in a classroom setting. If a teacher distributes 13 pencils to each student and there are 4 students, the child can use the table of 13 to calculate the total number of pencils distributed. This would be 13 x 4 = 52 pencils.

By connecting the multiplication table of 13 to such everyday scenarios, children can see the practical use of their learning, making the abstract concept of multiplication more concrete and understandable.

5. Regular Practice with Flashcards

Regular practice is key to mastering the 13 tables, and flashcards are an excellent tool. Flashcards can be used to reinforce memory and test knowledge in a quick and effective manner.

To use flashcards effectively for the table of 13, you can create a set of cards with multiplication questions on one side and the answers on the other. For example, one card might have “13 x 5” on the front and “65” on the back. Children can work through the deck, trying to answer each question before checking the answer on the back.

This practice method is effective and flexible, allowing children to learn independently. They can focus on the most challenging combinations and gradually build their speed and confidence. Regularly shuffling the flashcards ensures the learning process doesn’t become predictable, keeping the child engaged and focused.

Related Reading: Best Math Manipulatives To Enhance Children's Learning

How Does Technology Aid in Learning the Times Table?

Learning the timestable can be a challenging task for many students. It often involves memorizing a large set of numbers, which can be overwhelming. However, technology offers innovative solutions to make this learning process more engaging and effective. Let’s explore how each of the online resources aids in learning:

1. Online Multiplication Games

Multiplication can be tricky because it requires remembering many number combinations. It’s not just about knowing the answers; it’s about understanding patterns and relationships between numbers.

How Online Games Help:

Online multiplication games turn learning into an interactive experience. These games often use colorful graphics, engaging storylines, and rewarding challenges. This approach makes learning feel more like play than work.

  • Breaking It Down: Games usually start with simpler tasks and gradually increase in difficulty. This step-by-step approach helps learners build their skills without feeling overwhelmed.
  • Reinforcement: Repetition is key in learning multiplication. Games encourage players to repeat levels or challenges, reinforcing their learning. Each repetition helps to cement the multiplication facts in the player’s memory.

Begin with these online multiplication games:

2. Multiplication Worksheets

Apart from memorization, multiplication requires understanding how numbers multiply to form larger numbers. This concept can be abstract and hard to grasp, especially for younger learners.

How Worksheets Help:

Multiplication worksheets provide a structured way to practice. They offer a variety of problems that target different aspects of multiplication.

  • Breaking It Down: Worksheets often include problems that are broken down into smaller, more manageable steps. This helps learners understand the multiplication process, not just the final answer.
  • Reinforcement: Completing worksheets gives learners the chance to practice repeatedly. This repetition is crucial for mastering the timestable. Worksheets can also include fun elements like puzzles or hidden pictures, making the repetition less monotonous and more engaging.

Download these printable multiplication worksheets to reinforce timestable:

Mastering the 13 Times Table: Fun Practice Questions

To reinforce the learning of the 13 times table, it’s beneficial to practice with a variety of questions. These questions can range from fun multiplication problems to word-based scenarios. Here’s a list of practice questions, along with some tips on how to approach them:

5 Fun Multiplication Questions:

1. I am thinking of a number. When you multiply it by 13, you get 104. What is my mystery number?

Ans: To find the mystery number, you divide 104 by 13:

104/13 = 8

So, the mystery number is 8.

2. 13 × __ = 91. What number should replace the blank?

Ans: To find the number that should replace the blank, you divide 91 by 13:

91/13 = 7

So, the number that should replace the blank is 7.

3. Look at this pattern: 13, 26, 39, 52, __, __. What are the next two numbers in this sequence?

Ans: This sequence increases by 13 each time. So, to find the next two numbers:

52+13=65

65+13=78

So, the next two numbers in the sequence are 65 and 78.

4. Which is more: 13 times 7 or 100 plus 10?

Ans: 13×7=91

100+10=110

So, 100 plus 10 (110) is more than 13 times 7 (91).

5. If you divide the product of 13 and 6 by 2, what do you get?

Ans: First, find the product of 13 and 6:

13×6=78

Then, divide by 2:

78/2 = 39

So, you get 39.

5 Word-Based Problems: 

1. If a baker bakes 13 cookies in a batch, how many cookies will there be in 3 batches?

Ans: 13×3=39

So, there will be 39 cookies in 3 batches.

2. A book has 13 chapters. How many chapters are there in 4 such books?

Ans: 13×4=52

So, there are 52 chapters in 4 such books.

3. In a garden, there are 13 rows of flowers, with 6 flowers in each row. How many flowers are there in total?

Ans: 13×6=78

So, there are 78 flowers in total.

4. A pack of pencils contains 13 pencils. How many pencils are there in 5 packs?

Ans: 13×5=65

So, there are 65 pencils in 5 packs.

5. If a train travels 13 miles every hour, how far will it travel in 8 hours?

Ans: 13×8=104

So, the train will travel 104 miles in 8 hours.

Tips for Approaching These Questions:

  1. Understand the Question: Read the question carefully. Identify whether it’s a direct multiplication or a word problem.
  2. Break it Down: Break the question into smaller parts for word problems to understand what is being asked.
  3. Use the Pattern Trick: Remember the pattern trick (multiplying by 10 and then by 3) for direct multiplication questions.
  4. Visualize Word Problems: Try to visualize the scenario in word problems. This can make it easier to understand the multiplication involved.
  5. Check Your Work: After solving, it’s always a good idea to check your work to ensure accuracy.
Related Reading: How to Teach Multiplication to Kids: 15 Fun Ways

Conclusion

Mastering the table of 13 is about finding the right approach that works for you. Whether it’s through pattern recognition, practical application, or interactive tools, the key is consistent practice and a positive attitude. Keep exploring these methods, and you’ll find that the table of 13 becomes less of a challenge and more of an achievement.

Related Reading: How to Multiply & Divide Fractions: 4 Easy Steps

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How long does it typically take for a child to learn the table of 13?

The time it takes can vary greatly depending on the child’s age, familiarity with multiplication, and the learning methods used. Generally, with consistent practice, a child can become comfortable with the table of 13 within a few weeks.

What are common mistakes kids make when learning the table of 13?

Common mistakes include relying too much on rote memorization without understanding the underlying patterns and getting overwhelmed by the larger numbers. Breaking the table into smaller parts and using pattern recognition can help avoid these issues.

Can learning the table of 13 help with other areas of math?

Absolutely! Mastering the table of 13 enhances a child’s multiplication skills, foundational for higher-level math concepts like division, fractions, and algebra. It also improves overall number sense and problem-solving abilities.

AUTHOR
Amy Gill
Amy Gill is a Contributing Editor at SplashLearn. As a former teacher, she likes to write about education reforms, edtech and how to make learning more fun for children.
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