BlogSchool Resources for KidsWhat Do You Learn in 5th Grade: Overview, Subjects and Skills

What Do You Learn in 5th Grade: Overview, Subjects and Skills

As kids enter the final stages of elementary school, it is essential to know what they will learn before starting middle school. By reviewing what is taught to kids in 5th grade, you can plan effectively and talk to teachers about what expectations need to be set.

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You can provide the right platform for your little ones and give them the best approach to fully optimize their experiences. 5th graders have tons of experience in the classroom setting and can efficiently solve problems across math, science, ELA, and geography.

You can also get a better sense of what subjects will be preliminary to improving academic performance and what areas will be challenging for your kids. You can start preparing with the right online learning platforms, tutoring, and courses and help them excel in their next grade.

What is Taught to Kids in 5th Grade – An Overview

Teacher standing in the classroom

Here are some of the primary subject areas teachers focus on when teaching 5th graders for the year. You can consult with your kids’ teachers and understand which areas they may require pre-planning and preparation for. You can also leverage online learning platforms to get a head start for your kids in math, ELA, science, and other vital subjects.

1. Mathematics

A girl doing math on whiteboard

Grade 5 math focuses on more advanced concepts within the field of study. They will further explore decimals, place values, exponents, algebra, equations, and operations. Geometry is also a higher priority, with volume, area, and other calculations taught to kids in the 5th grade.

Related Reading: Most Important Math Concepts Kids Learn in 5th Grade

2. Writing Skills

Kids writing on a Paper

Language arts focus on essential writing skills, with sentence structures, idioms, phrases, and using other literary tools. Your children will be taught the strategies to explore fiction, poetry, narratives, and historical texts. They will become better communicators and can read more advanced subjects within science, geography, history, etc.

Related Reading: Best Fun Writing Prompts for 5th Grade: Journal Prompts

3. Reading Skills

Girl reading a book

Sequencing, inferences, cause-effects, themes, and classifications will be critical areas of focus for 5th graders exploring reading skills. Your child can pick up critical structuring and comprehension skills to derive maximum meaning from any body of text. They will also improve their reading abilities by understanding more complex forms of archives and books.

Learn more about understanding themes with this English comprehension game for 5th graders!

4. Life Sciences Topics

Kids exploring nature together

Biological studies will be explored within life sciences, giving your children a better opportunity to explore natural elements. They will be able to study the scientific mechanisms of the various systems within biological bodies. From plant to animal life, along with the role of multiple cells and organs, a complete life sciences program is designed with games, puzzles, and quizzes.

5. Social Studies

Children looking at globe standing on table

A broad range of topics within social studies is covered to help kids become more aware of laws, principles, and historical events that dictate current dynamics. US history and its implications and artifacts are also extensively studied, giving your children a clearer perspective. A highly structured and simple-to-understand syllabus shares key sociological, anthropological, economic, and geographical insights.

6. Technology Studies

Classmates discussing lessons and doing tasks

Some schools may also focus on MST (math, science, and technology) or offer technology courses as standalone features. This may be a new subject for many kids, as schools focus on the role of technology, sci-tech, future innovations, etc. Your kids will also be made more aware of the interdisciplinary integration of math and technology through data analysis.

Want to learn more about how to cultivate a growth mindset in kids? Check out our insight post here!

7. Visual and Performing Arts

Your children will experience new creating forms, with lessons on enhanced drawing, music, and artistic expression. Through art projects, museum tours, and music lessons, your children will be able to think creatively when solving problems and expressing their inner thinking. Your kids may also focus on a yearlong art project and present it to their class.

Related Reading: Best Books for 5th Graders

10 Things Your 5th Grader Should Know

Girls studying together

You can expect the following 10 areas within your child’s academic purview and strengths. Next year, your child will be better prepared for a challenging middle school environment. Let’s explore the most critical areas that will prepare your 5th grader and strengthen their foundational knowledge base.

1. Understand and communicate in intermediate ELA formats using idioms, metaphors, similes, and common phrases for reading and storytelling.

2. Analyze and learn about the different geometrical shapes present, including their volume, area, plotting on graphs, etc.

3. Be adept at geographies, especially US geography with states, cities, lakes, topography, etc. Your kids will be able to identify key geographical locations and their relevance.

4. Your child should be comfortable with history and learn about historical events, US history, ancient civilizations, etc. They should have a deeper understanding of civil wars, world wars, and conflicts for insights and lessons.

5. Your kid should know about the scientific method and various systems in the body.

6. 5th graders should be able to perform preliminary research on a topic, such as planets, trees, insects, and animals, and prepare write-ups based on crucial information found.

7. 5th graders should be comfortable using online dictionaries and other resources to find solutions independently across math, ELA, science, and other subjects.

8. Kids should be confident in identifying critical elements within circuits, instruments, solar systems, etc.

9. Silent letters, phonograms, compound words, and vowel-consonant-vowel patterns will also be areas where your child will get to explore further.

10. Language skills, such as writing, poetry, storytelling, information processing, and communicating, will become areas of strength for your 5th grader.

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Related Reading: How to Homeschool Fifth Grade Students

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

What are the most essential 5th-grade subjects?

Writing, math, science, and logic are some of the most essential 5th-grade subjects as they form a foundational platform for kids to learn other subjects more efficiently. Your children can also focus on improving reading to enhance knowledge grasping across different subjects.

How do teachers teach grade 5?

Your kids will experience a blend of academic and extracurricular activities to keep them engaged holistically. Teachers may also use online learning platforms, games, and puzzles to teach core concepts. Teachers may also use a more hands-on approach for kids who want to learn kinesthetically.

What is taught in 5th grade English?

5th grade English is all about comprehension and sentence information gathering from narratives, poetry, documents, and books. Inferences, predictions, themes, and categories will be crucial within the lesson plan.

What is a 5th-grade homeschool curriculum?

A 5th-grade homeschool curriculum will include all subjects generally taught in a classroom setting (science, math, English, social studies). You must also add online learning platforms, videos, presentations, documentaries, and regular museum visits to keep your child’s mind curious.

Jill Baker
Jill Baker has been teaching for 10 years and she loves sharing everything she has learned to help other teachers.
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