Dimensions – Definition with Examples


Dimensions in mathematics are the measure of the size or distance of an object or region or space in one direction. In simpler terms, it is the measurement of the length, width, and height of anything. 

Dimensions are generally expressed as: 

  • Length
  • Breadth
  • Width
  • Height or Depth
Dimensions - measurement of the length, width, and height.

Types of Figures Based on Dimensions

Based on the number of dimensions present in a figure, it can be classified into:

  • Zero – dimensional
  • One – dimensional
  • Two  – dimensional
  • Three – dimensional
dimensions present in a figure based on number
  1. Zero – dimensional

A point is a zero-dimensional object as it has no length, width or height.  It has no size. It tells about the location only. 

  1. One-dimensional 

Only a single measurement is possible for a one-dimensional figure. A line segment drawn on a surface is a one-dimensional object, as it has only length and no width.  

  1. Twodimensional 

The 2-dimensional shapes or objects in geometry are flat plane figures that have two dimensions – length and width.  Two-dimensional or 2-D shapes do not have any thickness and can be measured in only two faces. 

A square, circle, rectangle, and triangle are examples of two-dimensional objects.  We can classify figures on the basis of the dimensions they have. 

y asix and x asix

The two dimensions are marked on a 2-D graph with two axes: x and y. The x-axis is perpendicular or at 90° to the y-axis.

  1. Three-dimensional  

In geometry, three-dimensional shapes are solid figures or objects or shapes that have three dimensions – length, width, and height. Unlike two-dimensional shapes, three-dimensional shapes have thickness or depth.

A cube and cuboid are examples of three-dimensional objects, as they have length, width, and height. 

Take for example a cuboid,


The attributes of the cuboid are faces, edges, and vertices. The three dimensions compose the edges of a 3D geometric shape.

Some Examples of Three-Dimensional Shapes: 

Some Examples of Three-Dimensional Shapes
3-D graph has three axes

When the three dimensions are marked on a graph, a 3-D graph has three axes, namely, x, y, and z. Each axis is perpendicular or at 90° to the other.

Solved Examples 

Question 1: How many dimensions does the given figure have?

find dimension in given figure

Answer: The figure is a curved line drawn from one point to another and has only one dimension, length.

Question 2: How many dimensions does the given figure have?

dot point

Answer: This is a dot or a point. It has no dimension at all, with no length, breadth, or width. 

Question 3: How many dimensions does a scale have?

Answer: A scale has a length, a breadth, and thickness. Therefore, it can be said to be three-dimensional. 

Question 4: How many dimensions does a cylindrical water bucket have?

Answer: A cylindrical bucket has a height, depth, and width. Thus, it is a three-dimensional figure. 

Practice Problems


Attend this Quiz & Test your knowledge.


How many dimensions does the object have?

Dimensions – Definition with Examples
Correct answer is: 3
The Rubix cube has a length, breadth, and width. It is three-dimensional.

How many dimensions does the given figure have?

Dimensions – Definition with Examples
Correct answer is: 2
The figure is a circle with a length and a width measured between two points on the circle.

What is the dimensional type of an object which has only a length?

Correct answer is: One
An object having only one measurement is one-dimensional.

How many dimensions does a notebook have?

Correct answer is: Three
A notebook has length, breadth, and width. So, it is three-dimensional.


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Frequently Asked Questions

A cube is a square drawn in a three-dimensional manner. A square has only length and breadth, but a cube has length, breadth, and width.

It is a zero-dimensional figure, and it cannot be an object. It is a mere point on a surface with no length or breadth to measure.

The room is a three-dimensional structure. It should have: 

  • A length measured along the floor
  • A height measured from floor to ceiling
  • A width measured along the floor, adjacent to length.