## What is Horizontal?

**What do you see?**

There is a standing line, a standing screwdriver and a vertical thermometer.

**What do you see now?**

There is a sleeping line, the screwdriver lying flat on the floor and the thermometer placed on the floor.

What you see is described as a horizontal position or objects placed horizontally.

A sleeping line is nothing but a horizontal line.

A screwdriver lying flat is the same as a ladder lying horizontally.

**A **thermometer lying flat on the floor is the same as a man lying horizontally on the floor.

Horizontal is the opposite of vertical. In geometry, we use the words vertical and horizontal for standing and sleeping respectively.

The line at which the earth’s surface and the sky appear to meet is called the horizon. Anything parallel to the horizon is called horizontal.

As vertical is the opposite of horizontal, anything that makes a 90-degree angle (right angle) with the horizontal or the horizon is called vertical.

So, the horizontal line is one that runs across from left to right.

**Use of horizontal and vertical in Mathematics**

- We add and subtract horizontally and vertically.

**Example 1: Add 24 and 33 horizontally and vertically.**

Horizontal | Vertical |

$24 + 33 = 57$ | $24+ 33 = 57$ |

**Example 2: We also make horizontal and vertical bar graphs.**

** ****Example 3:**** Vertical Bar Graph**

**Example 4: We use horizontal and vertical lines in geometry and art too. **

## What is a Horizontal Line?

Imagine you have a paper, and someone asks you to draw a line. What all possibilities do you think will cross your mind? Well; there are a few ways you could do this.

If you were bored; you would most probably just end up drawing a random motion like this; called a **skew line**.

And if you wanted to think like a mathematician or an artist; you would imagine a tree or something standing and draw a line **top to bottom** like this; called a **vertical line**.

Or you could think of a car or something lying down and sketch your line from **left to right** like this; called a** horizontal line**.

A horizontal line is a sleeping line. It is a straight line that goes from left to right or right to left. The word horizontal is derived from the word “horizon” which is the line where the earth and sky appear to be meeting far far away.

#### Recommended Worksheets

## Horizontal Lines Around Us

We see horizontal lines all around us in shapes, objects, figures, and drawings.

Here are some examples of horizontal lines.

## Horizontal lines in objects:

## Horizontal lines in Math:

Horizontal lines are the building blocks of so many 2D and 3D shapes in elementary geometry. Squares, Triangles, Rectangles, Cubes, Trapezoids, Prism are just some basic examples of shapes where we can observe horizontal lines.

## Horizontal lines in Coordinate Plane

In coordinate geometry, horizontal lines are defined as lines parallel to the x-axis. If two points on a line have the same *y-coordinate* points then the line is said to be horizontal.

In the given image AB is a horizontal line parallel to the *x-axis* and if you observe carefully the y-coordinate of both points A and B are the same.* *Another interesting this to note about the horizontal lines is that they are always perpendicular to the vertical lines.

## Drawing a Horizontal Line

**Using a Ruler:**

To draw a horizontal line using a ruler, keep the ruler in sleeping position, parallel to the edge of the page and draw the line from left to right or right to left.

**To Draw a Horizontal Line on a Coordinate Plane****Follow these steps** :-

- Plot any point on the coordinate plane, for example, (1, 2).
- Identify the y-coordinate of the point marked. Here, it is 2.
- Plot another point on the coordinate plane such that its y-coordinate is the same as the previous point plotted. For example, (–5, 2).
- Join the two points plotted using a ruler to get a horizontal line.

## Uses of Horizontal Lines

Horizontal lines are used in symmetry and photography.

A horizontal line of symmetry runs across the image from left to right (or vice versa) and divides the image into identical halves.

Cameras are designed to take photographs in landscape (horizontal) or portrait (vertical) mode. In horizontal mode, photographs are wider than they are tall. In vertical mode, photographs are taller than they are wide. Our eyes see the surrounding horizontally giving a wider view instead of taller.

## Horizontal Line and Vertical Line

Horizontal Line | Vertical Line |

It is a sleeping line that goes from left to right or vice versa. | It is a standing line that goes from top to bottom or vice versa. |

It is parallel to the x-axis. | It is parallel to the y-axis. |

It is perpendicular to the y-axis. | It is perpendicular to the x-axis. |

## Fun Facts

**The word horizontal originated in the mid 16th century from modern Latin horizontal, from the late Latin horizon.**

**Solved Examples **on Horizontal

**Example 1: Which line segments represent horizontal lines?**

**Solution:**

Lines BC and AD are horizontal lines.

**Example 2: Identify the lines indicated by the arrows in each of the following shapes.**

**Solution:**

- Horizontal line
- Vertical line
- Horizontal line
- Vertical line

**Example 3: Identify the horizontal lines in the given shape.**

**Solution:**

AB, EF, and CD are the horizontal lines in the given shapes.

**Example 4: Name five English alphabets that have horizontal lines.**

**Solution:**

E, F, H, L, T

## Practice Problems on Horizontal

## Horizontal - Definition with Examples

### Which one of the following is the horizontal line?

A horizontal line is a sleeping line.

### How many horizontal lines does the given figure have?

There are 3 straight lines that go from left to right or right to left

### At what time the minute hand of a clock will be horizontal?

At a quarter past 12 minutes hand will be at 3. So, the minute hand will be horizontal.

## Frequently Asked Questions on Horizontal

**What is a horizontal line in coordinate geometry?**

A horizontal line is a straight line that is parallel to the *x-axis* and where all the points on the line have the same y-coordinate.

**Are all horizontal lines in 2-D shapes parallel?**

Yes, all horizontal lines are parallel to each other. Horizontal lines when extended also never intersect with one another.

**What is the relationship between a horizontal line and a vertical line?**

Horizontal lines are lines that run from left to right and are parallel to the x-axis. Vertical lines are lines that run up and down and are parallel to the y-axis.